Nepal’s history, present and identity as told by it’s buildings; in brief

It is said that dwelling is an expression of identity.  The various rhythms of change and history also resonates with in the dwellings of a city and a country.

What does our historical buildings tell us?

As I started in the beginning, the dwellings we live in are expression of our identity, the rhythms of changes and history resonates with our dwelling. We have Kathmandu’s pagoda; a very proud architectural history that spread far away around Asia and our temples and buildings and in the remote villages which still tell us that proud story of Araniko. We have the Singha Durbar which still tell the story of Rana dynasty. We have the Janaki Temple which still tell us about the Rajputs and how different religions exchanged brilliant ideas in the past.

Pagoda: Our history tells us that Kathmandu valley’s indigenous Newars developed their own distinctive style of traditional architecture, of which the multi-tiered “pagoda” temple is the most famous and young Araniko spread the building’s artisans’ fame far and wide – even to the court of Kubilai Khan of Beijing. Kasthamandapa in the heart of Kathmandu could probably be the best example of pagoda. The pagoda has then spread everywhere in Nepal, especially in the hilly regions’ Hindu/Buddhist temples and Shah King’s courts such as in Gorkha and Nuwakot.

Ranas: Then centuries after Pagoda, came neo-classical architecture derived from the architecture of Classical Greece and the architecture of the Italian architect Andrea Palladio; the Singha Durbar of Chandra Sumsher. These types of architecture were resembled in most of famous Rana era buildings in Kathmandu valley such as Sital Niwas and few buildings outside valley such as Rani Mahal in Palpa.

Rajputs: Along the few iconic buildings outside Kathmandu is Ram Janaki Temple, in Janakpur; a Rajput architecture in southern plains of Nepal which is mix of classical-neo classical architecture and Islamic–Hindu architecture.

Hilly Region: From those iconic architectures, Nepali society has adapted mainly pagoda buildings as form of temple all over hilly region. If we look at the dwellings in hilly region of Nepal we see resemblance of pagoda in most houses as the form of multiple eaves. In the hilly region where weather conditions are windy and occur heavy monsoon rain, the multiple eaves are very handy to protect the walls and main structure which is usually mud-stone and timber. This could be the reason behind the popularity of this kind of architecture everywhere in hill Nepal.

What does our modern buildings tell us?

Modern Cities: But the dwellings in cities in Nepal tell different story, a sad story of loss of identity and disconnection from our history. In modern cities in Nepal, the only form of architecture is haphazard concrete structure that neither reflect our history nor support the weather conditions, nor are sustainable and energy efficient. The destruction of our identity started as soon as the Rana rule was over and Nepal became more open. The trade with India and open boarder meant exchange of ideas and goods. Then came the concrete jungle which is slowly eating our history, culture and more importantly health of the inhabitant.

Regulation: As, I was looking in internet if there was any national (Federal) level building regulation in Nepal, the official government twitter handle replied that “We don’t have any national building regulation in the form of statute/law but there are “code of conduct” developed in local level.” This reply shows how much disorganised, helter-skelter and lawless direction “New Nepal” is heading. Along with the buildings in Kathmandu and major cities in Nepal, we are slowly losing our identity and health too. Just like our cities, our Nepali identity is becoming more hypocritical; we talk about Madheshi identity but destroy the Mithila heritage and replace with concrete jungle, we talk about the Newari identity but destroy the pagoda and replace with concrete jungle.

The concrete jungle in Kathmandu is unsuitable for the weather condition and causing health crisis in the habitants. There is need of research on it but from observation and experience I can say that the concrete house which freezes in winter and roasts in summer is killing its inhabitants. The haphazard neighbourhood and living spaces is causing mental, social and physical problem to its inhabitants.

Future: There is still time to save our identity in our buildings and in our cities. The dwellings which our ancestors designed and developed are not just identity but also suitable for weather condition and will keep us healthy. The Federal government must act now and develop a clear, precise and applicable and sustainable national housing regulation. This should immediately be followed by the national and local governments. It is the time architectures, historians, public health professionals and conservationists come together and voice for a Federal, national and local housing regulation that is sustainable, healthy and expresses our Nepali identity that’s reflected in Kasthamandapa, Singha Durbar, Shwyambhu and Janaki Temple.

Buddha, nagging monk and Nepali Congress Cadres

 

We recently had Buddha Purnima, remembering the birth, enlightenment and death of Buddha. We pride ourselves that Buddha was born in Lumbini in modern-day Nepal, around the year 563 BCE. But how much do we learn from him? How much, we as a Nepali read his story and teachings and follow?

Here I draw two parallel modern Nepal story where some Nepali are doing opposite of what Buddha taught.

Buddha’s teaching: 

  • Buddha and his disciples

One day in monsoon season Buddha was walking by the jungle with his disciples. On the way they reached a river which was starting to flood due to monsoon rain and there was a beautiful young girl wandering by the riverbank trying to cross the river. Buddha saw that and offered his help to the girl. Holding her hand Buddha helped her cross the river; the girl thanked him and went her way, Buddha and his disciples went their way.

When they reached their destination, one of the monk expressed his unhappiness about the incident, Buddha smiled and said nothing. A few days later Buddha was preaching about meaninglessness of earthly relationships, the monk again said “As monks, we are not permitted a woman, how could you then hold the hand of that girl?”

This time Buddha replied, “I left the girl a long time ago at the riverbank, however, you seem to be holding her hands still.”

The moral of this story is that mental attachment to an idea or earlier experience blocks the full experience of the present here and now. Attachments slow the mind, interfering with appropriate responses to the immediate situation. And eventually distract us from our progress and future development.

Two stories of Modern Nepal:

  • Historic Peace deal in Nepal and Kanak Mani war cultivation company

12-Point Understanding between the Seven Political Parties and Nepal Communist Party (Maoists) leading to Comprehensive Peace Agreement between the Government of Nepal and the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). In this agreement, the parties pledge to work towards democracy, peace, prosperity and social advancement and ending autocratic monarchy. The parties agree that the National Army and the Maoist army shall be under the supervision of the UN or any other reliable international actor, to conduct fair elections, and to accept international mediation during the dialogue process. Including through the establishment of a National Human Rights Commission, a Truth and Reconciliation Commission and a National Peace and Rehabilitation Commission.

Although main leadership and majority of population have moved forward from the war there are people like Mohan Baidhya (Kiran) and Netra Bikram Chand (Biplab) complaining about Maoist and Nepal Army integration. There are also Kanak Mani Dixit and company nagging about the war time events and complaining about TRC and NPRC. Kanak Mani Dixit war Cultivation Company benefits a lot from war, the more war and death the more of news for his media group and more of so called human rights agenda for his empire and eventually more donation. His mere existence is a sad existence who lives on the benefits from people’s death. Fundamentally the same applies to Netra Bikram Chand too.

The moral of this is that unnecessarily nagging to an idea or every war time experience blocks the full experience of the present here and now. Attachments to their personal benefits from war slow Nepal’s progressive socio-political change and prolongs transition period, interfering with appropriate responses to the immediate situation. And eventually distract us from our progress and future development of the country. This will benefit people like Netra Bikram Chand and Kanak Mani Dixit but the country will suffer.

  • CPN (Maoist Centre) and Nepali Congress leaders & protesting NC Cadres

Ruling coalition partners–Nepali Congress and CPN-Maoist Centre–have finally agreed to partner up for elections of mayors in two metropolitan cities of Nepal.

Some of the Nepali Congress cadres in Bharatpur are furious about the alliance and think teaming up with Maoist is unacceptable because they were the enemy at war time. Maybe some of these Nepali Congress cadres still have hangover of war like the disciple of Buddha whereas the leadership has moved forward from it.

The moral of this story is that few Nepali Congress cadres still have mental attachment to war era idea or earlier experience which has blocked the full experience of the present here and now. The present or now of Federal Democratic Nepal is that there is no war and there are no enemies. There was 12-Point Understanding and then A Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The appropriate response to immediate situation is that all the parties who believe in democratic republic should stand together by eliminating fassist Rashtriya Prajatantra Party Nepal of Kamal Thapa. The attachments to the war era seems to have slowed the minds of Nepali Congress cadres in Bharatpur, interfering with appropriate responses to the immediate situation.  And eventually this and likely events distract us from our progress, peaceful politics and future development.

 

Ranju Darshana, Mhairi Black and the Fearless Girl

Although human being have aimed for the stars and reached moon many of us haven’t been able to change our mind-set; either we are in developed and liberal western countries or less developed and conservative countries like Nepal.

Our mind-set is dominated by Abrahamic male God or alike, who is in Richard Dwakin’s word “a petty, unjust, unforgiving control-freak; a vindictive, bloodthirsty ethnic cleanser; a misogynistic, homophobic, racist, infanticidal, genocidal, filicidal, pestilential, megalomaniacal, sadomasochistic, capriciously malevolent bully.” I often see the parallel between Dwakin’s definition of God and politicians around us. Just like Dwakin’s God, politicians are mainly male, control-freak, racist and often bloodthirsty ethnic cleanser.

But there are signs of some light at the end of this dark tunnel.

Bibeksheel Nepali Party’s nomination of 21-year-old Rajnu Darshana to run for the Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan City in the upcoming local government elections slated for May 14 has already changed so many things in Nepali politics. Her candidacy is that sign of light at the end of this dark tunnel of Nepali (and world) politics. Today she stands like Kristen Visbal’s Fearless Girl looking at the well-known Charging Bull. Today, she stands in front of Nepali politics’ Charging Bulls; old male politicians who usually come from dominating Bahun-Chhetri caste group. She is challenging them in so many things.

There have already been so many criticism in social media about her age, gender and experience. And exactly those are so called “values” she stands against. The more trolling and criticism means the more people have been hurt by her candidacy, imagine what will follow if she wins.

She has already hurt a lot of misogynist male egos – she is a woman.

She has already hurt a lot of unforgiving control-freak male politicians – she is ‘hot off the press’.

She has already hurt so many malevolent old bullies – she is so young.

Trolling and attack on young women in politics is not new and happens in the most developed and democratic societies too. In the UK, when Mhairi Black, a Scottish (SNP) politician defeated Labour Shadow Foreign Secretary Douglas Alexander to become youngest Member of UK Parliament for Paisley and Renfrewshire South in 2015, she was just 20 years old university student. Mhairi Black proved that the fearless girl in politics is not just a piece of art, given the chance she can triumph over the charging bull.

Mhairi was also criticised (a lot) that time and still criticized for her age, gender, appearance and everything trolls can think of. Every time the trolls attacked, she has stood up better and smashed the evil. After being called a “carpet munching bull dyke” by a Twitter troll she stood up for LGBT rights and online safety.   After a troll said, “She’s got nothing to worry about. Nobody’s gonna wanna rape that”, she stood up and exposed the internet trolls who targeted her with shocking messages after her appearance at the rape clause protest in George Square. In the long list of abuse to her, are not just trolls but also one of Scotland’s most prominent female academics, Jill Stephenson, who described Mhairi Black as a “slut”.

Whether that is trolling of Mhairi Black and Ranju Darsana or any other young woman in politics, it shows the level of mind-set we have in this world. This exposes the vulnerability of human society on the road to equality and prosperity. This highlights the need of more fearless young girls in politics to challenge our mind-set.

Whatever the outcome of election is, Ranju Darsana has already won the cause. The cause of equality, freedom and change. It is an invitation to the young people of Kathmandu on the road to CHANGE. It is an invitation to the women of Kathmandu on the road to EQUALITY and FREEDOM. It is an invitation to the men of Kathmandu on the road to MUTUAL RESPECT. And most importantly it is a challenge to the charging bull of Nepali politicians that THIS IS NOT A POLITICS-AS-USUAL.

 [Pictures above, The Kathmandu Post, Huffington Post UK and google]

Why Gagan Thapa’s Bir Hospital press conference was an encouragement for criminal bureaucrats?

Recently, two new cabinet ministers became a big news headline in Nepal.

Minister for Energy Janardan Sharma – became headline because he ordered to cut off electricity supply to the customers who had huge amount of bill overdue to Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA), including former King’s Mother’s resident and some government offices.

Minister for Health Gagan Thapa – became headline because he inspected country’s oldest hospital Bir Hospital and showed some pictures of nightmare dirt-sewage condition of the hospital toilets sent to him by someone on this Facebook.

1. When the news of Minister Janardan Sharma broke, most of the people in Nepal were kind of sad and started to feel so sorry for former king’s mother because she was old lady and that day was her birthday too. Some were so angry that they started protesting in social media, the plight and misery of former queen having to stay in candle light was flooding in all reputed news channel.

It is very difficult to understand this kind of psychology of Nepalese society who often show such compassion to someone who breaks the law and who literally refuses to pay tax. In case, if the former queen wants she can buy the whole NEA, she is a very very wealthy person, a millionaire or probably billionaire. There are millions elderly people out there under open sky without food but we are worried about a millionaire who refuses to pay bills!! Shame on us !!

Real story: This is not isolated case this type of thing happens in Nepal everywhere in all classes of society. When I was about 8 years old, one farmer’s whole family disappeared for 2 days. Later on all the family members returned home except one around 40 years old bachelor member of the family. This man was brother of the father of that family so he was living in his ancestral home with his brother’s family. Later there was a search operation by the villagers and found him dead by the river a week later. Then he was cremated by the same riverside and the case finished. Even till today, I am very curious why this guy was dead and why family disappeared for 2 days and why there was no police involved or why nobody reported the police? I once asked my dad this, he said, if villagers had informed police this incident, there was chance the whole family would be in trouble and this could even end up in murder investigation or something serious. The villagers didn’t want to give that family any trouble since the bachelor man was alone and had no one to cry for him and as he is dead – he is dead so why give other people trouble! Still today, I often wonder what had really happened to that man. Nobody never knows.

This type of serious case are left unreported or dismissed everywhere in Nepali society and its absolutely normal!! This makes me so shocked now since I notice how small matters like staring or swearing at neighbour ends up in court here in UK. And even shocking thing is that, even if you report crimes like rape or murder attempt most police officers and witness try to solve the problems at police station with so called “milapatra” – mutual agreement/contract and case hardly reach court for justice.

In Minister Janardan Sharma’s case, he was in fact doing the duty of the local NEA officer. In fact to cut off any customer’s power if they are really overdue without any valid reason should have been a regular duty of local officer not a Minister. However, instead to thanking Mr Sharma for his initiation, the newspapers and many people were moaning at Mr Sharma !! This is purely a stupidity and lawlessness of Nepali society.

Now I know why poet Bhupi Serchan said Nepali people are brave because they are stupid !

2. Now let’s talk about Minister of Health, Gagan Thapa’s stunt press conference after monitoring Bir Hospital. This was hailed as a great step forward and a big initiative by Mr Thapa, in all major newspapers and social media by public.

Let me ask you one thing- if you are an employer and see your employee doing absolutely nothing he/she should be doing for many years – would you organise a press conference and tell media that – “ look this is the condition of my organisation, I have asked employees to come up with 100 day plan of improvement” or you confront the employee who is doing absolutely nothing and ask for reason and right away start disciplinary procedure? I am telling you, Mr Thapa’s press conference is an encouragement to the useless officers who are literally putting lives of all of us at risk.

Dear Honourable Minister, everyone knows what is the condition of the government Hospitals in Nepal, we have had enough of press conferences and plans. We need action. You showed the evidence that there is unacceptable and utterly dangerous situation in Bir Hospital, everyone in surrounding community and all patients and staffs’ life is in danger of contaminating dangerous disease by using the facilities there. Now, you have evidence, you are in the post of chief executive with full public mandate, why are you not coming forward with an action? Forget about 100 day action plan, why don’t you sack the Bir hospital officer responsible for domestic/cleaning services? Why can’t you take this officer to the court for putting patient, staff and community’s life at risk? What is stopping you doing this? And it’s not about Bir hospital, start from there and keep throwing out every useless government officers in MoH, take them to the court for justice.

There are brilliant young and educated people out there to show results tomorrow morning if you can hire them. Don’t be afraid of your karmachari Sangathan or you will also be one of those ministers – absolutely useless twatts.

 

Solar Technology, Nepal’s fuel Crisis and China

Momo, baboo shoot, China and Nepal

In UK, if I want to cook something ‘Nepali’ like momo,   I have to go to Chinese grocery for half and Indian grocery for half of the ingredients. This reminds me the fact that Nepal is between China and India. China is also Nepal’s neighbour, not just India. Historic Nepal shared its spices, gold, silk, Sagarmatha/chomolongma, Pagoda, Buddhism and brotherhood with the Tibetans and Chinese along with boarder.

Forget about the ‘authentic’ bamboo shoot cooked in mom’s style brought from the Chinese grocery; I want to watch a movie on a lazy Sunday afternoon – an old Bollywood movie to remind me of high school days. This is modern Nepali either in diaspora or in the allays of Asan, we talk about Shah Rukh Khan, our children speak in half Hindi half Nepali, our Phagu is Holi, Tihar is Diwali, our life is connected with the modern India like never before. Our cultural assimilation with India is growing faster than speed of Lhasa Express.

Culture and civilization changes anywhere and in today’s global world it’s impossible to stop; it’s just about maintaining balance of inward and outward influence. I am not here to talk about the culture here either. I want to talk about household energy.

Solar Power

Recently Nepal is having a fuel crisis which was triggered by what Nepali mainstream media call due to Indian blockade in boarder and what India calls due to protests in Nepal India boarders. Whatever the reason is, time will tell one day. But for today, Nepal needs to move on. Although rest of Nepal seems to be moving on in some way, Kathmandu is getting paralysed slowly. In Kathmandu, without the Oil from India there’s no drinking water, no motors on road and gas to cook.

We have seen and heard a lot of government proposals, a lot of political announcements and news about the hydroelectricity and big projects and this will continue and be heard even more around election times.

But is there something affordable and quick fix to today’s energy crisis of Kathmandu and Nepal? The answer could be solar energy. The property level solar retrofit could be affordable and quick solution for middle class Nepali (without government subsidies) and for all households (with government initiatives).

http://www.suryaecosolar.com/solar-package.php#residential has listed some affordable package of solar system for residential property. As I looked at the price list, it is reasonably affordable for a middle class household in Kathmandu. If there is any little initiative from the government, this price can go tangibly low and become affordable to most of householders. There are few other private companies as well who install small scale solar http://www.swogun.org.np/ ,

China is the boss of Solar Technology

Here, it is important to remember that we have another neighbour which is not India. It is China. Sometimes Nepali people concern too much about politics and Salman Khan; we don’t plan how to cook rice for the meal when Indian Oil Corporation’s gas doesn’t cross boarder for some reason. The politicians say they will airlift oil from China or Bangladesh and we wait for that eating Wai Wai.

Nepal has now a chance to turn fuel crisis into opportunity to shift focus into renewable energy, especially solar energy. China is world leader in solar energy with 33 gigawatts by the end of 2014 http://www.bloomberg.com/bw/articles/2014-11-06/chinas-solar-power-push .

The interesting and applicable part of China’s solar energy technology in Nepal is that the latest Chinese solar energy comes from roof-top installations rather than large-scale projects. Private businesses in Nepal have this opportunity to work with the Chinese for bringing solar technology in Nepal. The roof top, small property level measures are extremely affordable and quick.

And government should focus on the long term affordable energy like solar and hydroelectricity rather than fooling people by the nonsense talk of airlifting oil. And in case government is able to buy oil from China, this is not sustainable and no one can guarantee that like India, China won’t stop giving oil. But if we can bring technology and if we can install solar panels in our rooftops, they will remain here no matter the rulers of Singha Durbar or Delhi or Beijing are angry or not. In china the government policy has made it possible that Chinese construction Industry and solar industry work closely in order to achieve the goal and improve in the future. Nepal can learn a lot from China about both solar energy policy and solar technology. Recently there was news about the Chinese interest on solar energy in Nepal http://www.ratopati.com/aakhabar/9047/ . If this news is true, with the wise decision Nepal government and private sector should work on it for long term benefit.

Yes Nepal Government gives huge subsidies on solar!

Many of us know very well about the winner of Dance India Dance, about the bio data of KP Oli and Prachanda however we have no idea that Nepal government gives 75 % subsidies of total installation cost if you want to install solar panel and meet criteria. Nepal Government gives huge subsidies in solar and other renewable energy generation although it is limited in scale and the process could be hectic and you would want to burn Modi’s effigy for not providing gas instead of dealing with the corrupt official and hectic process of installation.

See the appendix for Nepal government renewable energy policy initiative summary (actually Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal’s government !!!)

Some FAQ about property level solar http://www.bre.co.uk/nsc/page.jsp?id=3522

Where to install?

Solar technologies are commonly installed as an add-on to existing buildings but can also be ground mounted or integrated into the building. Retrofit: This is generally in the form of on-roof (in addition to existing roof fabric) mounted PV modules or solar thermal collectors on pitched roofs.

How long do solar modules last?

Commonly solar module manufacturers are offering 20 – 25 year warranties on their products.  Solar modules manufacturers commonly guarantee that their panels will be at least 80% efficient after 20 years and recent studies have shown that some will exceed this– there are solar PV installations that were installed in the 70s that are still producing electricity today!

Do solar power systems require much maintenance?

Well-designed systems require practically no maintenance. Modules mounted at less than 15o will have more issues with soiling (dirt build up), as will panels in flight paths and near the sea. Clean solar modules help to keep systems working efficiently. Always consult your system operation manual for the safest way to access your solar modules and the best method to clean them, strong detergents can often damage the surface of modules

Which solar PV cell technology is better?

The cell technology refers to the materials and techniques used to construct the solar cells. There are many varieties of cell technology, each have advantages and disadvantages. Traditionally, silicon based technologies (monocrystalline and polycrystalline) have been able to achieve higher efficiencies, ranging between 13% -20%.

Thin film technology efficiencies range between 4% -14%. Thin film technologies are more efficient in higher temperatures and perform well in diffuse light

Hybrid technologies are also available, combining multiple solar cell technologies to improve the performance of a single solar module through a range of sunlight conditions

Is there are a minimum or maximum size for a solar system?

There is no limit to the size of solar power system you can install, however, with large retrofit systems being installed on roofs it is essential that the structural integrity of the building is assessed for the potential wind loading of the solar PV system.

Finally look at the following summary for what Nepal government is doing to help you install renewable energy :

Nepal government Renewable Energy Subsidy Policy

If Laxman Thakur can, why can’t Chitwan? Why can’t Jhapa? Why can’t you?

When I was reading the news of Laxman Thakur in Annapurna Post about how he is planning to give refuge to some 500 people in his home town, I was so filled with emotion first and wanted to know whether his mother tongue is Maithili or Bhojpuri, I even tried to translate some ‘nice’ words into Maithili to say thank you and to tell him how proud I was of him. I know he might be better than me in Nepali, but I wanted to be Laxman Thakur, I wanted to say thank you to him in the language he learnt from his mother. After a while I couldn’t stop thinking about the news. I had different ideas in my mind. I suddenly started to think, if he can convince his villagers to accommodate some 500 people what about the rich and developed districts like Chitwan? If the village is reachable by good conditioned road, if there is no risk of landslide or further damage, if the family is healthy and hasn’t got vulnerable member they should remain where they are and government must help them in their place. We are strong people and we can rebuild. But, if the village is at risk of landslide, people are vulnerable, people are traumatised, there is no road and difficult to reach then they should be relocated temporarily or permanently. There can be three different ways to accommodate people in dire need: 1. People can take shelter in the houses of the relatives or the generous ones like Laxman Thakur. This will be basically temporary shelter during monsoon. The people will return to their place or find work and move out in maximum 6 months’ time. The people who have lost homes and nowhere to stay and also there is risk of landslide or other problem in their place can take shelter in such Home Stay. The aid agencies or government should help the accommodating family with the food and other aid. The accommodating family should be selected carefully. The EQ victims should not be accommodated with the family whose member has records such as child sex abuse or other criminal or suspicious record. This can be tracked with the help of local police or local community leaders, head teachers etc.  The government and local authority should appeal the people of the nation to help and if interested accommodate people in their homes for six months or so. 2. The local authorities of unaffected districts like Chitwan can provide permanent or temporary accommodation to the people of need. Temporary shelters should be for the similar people the same as earlier mentioned and they will be back to their places of find job and move out after maximum 1 year time.  The shelter can be tents or government suggest temporary shelter of tin or other local materials. It is important that water, sanitation, security and other basic things are provided in these temporary shelters. The Local authority should be careful that these places should not turn into slum in future. The failure of the central government to rebuild the EQ victims’ village/town can result in long stay in these settlements and turn the place into slum. So the very careful, clever and determined effort plus sound co-operation between the Central government and local authority is crucial.  Permanent settlement should also be provided by the local authority of unaffected areas where Earthquake Victims (EQ) are unable to return to their place because of risk such as landslide or trauma or some other genuine reason.  If every unaffected district take their share of responsibility the problem will be solved much faster and effectively. While settling the EQ victims the local authority must respect the local people’s concerns. It is wise that the integration process is started from the beginning and the security and the health of both the EQ victims and local people is not compromised. Cultural, religious and ecological issues should be considered before selecting the area for settlement. The early involvement of local community organizations and community leaders, use of local volunteer will help building harmony and good relationship with the EQ victims settling in their neighbourhood. Nepalese are known as friendly people, so if there is good management there won’t be issue in integration. 3. Government should rent the houses in the unaffected and developed regions to provide immediate shelter to the vulnerable EQ victims like pregnant women, children, elderly, disabled, sick and injured. They should be able to live with their family in the rented property and government should provide the rent, food and other aid. This will help people recover from the trauma and also their family will be with them. The other family member should be encouraged to find work, or the NGOs or Aid Agencies’ focus should be training them in construction and other sector rather than buying them bottle of mineral water.