Taking economy at heart, I argue to vote for Leftist alliance in in upcoming elections.

Currently, Nepal’s economic policy is a jungle juice. There is no recipe for it and everyone has their own interpretation of it. Those who are rich enough to exploit it are getting richer day and night, those who can’t afford to exploit it are blacked out. But the economic system upcoming government going to adapt will have a very long lasting effect on Nepal’s economy and every single Nepali’s livelihood.

Observing what the political parties are saying, there are a clear two school of economic thought in Nepal advocating for two very different economic model Nepal is going to adapt in near future;

  1. Trickle Down Economy
  2. Capitalist Economy With Progressive Tax System

The first school of thought (Trickle down Economy) is the election agenda of Nepali Congress and his new ally and famous Nepali economist Dr Baburam Bhattarai and a new born Kathmandu based party Bibeksheel Sajha Party.

The second school of thought (Capitalist Economy with Progressive Tax System) is the election agenda of Leftist alliance (CPN UML and Maoist Centre)

What are Nepali Congress (NC) and Dr Baburam Bhattarai saying?

In simple words NC and Dr Bhattarai are saying that they would “create environment” for the wealthy foreigners to come to Nepal and invest into big projects such as hydro-electricity. The idea is simple The wealth will trickle-down from the rich to poor if the government “creates environment” for the wealthy;

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The idea is simple and looks reasonable but it is an idea that is trailed and failed elsewhere in the world. This is an ultra-capitalist idea but potentially paralyzing the capitalism itself.

Nepali Congress and Rabindra Mishra’s fondness of trickle-down economy is understandable. NC initially fought for social justice in Nepal and threw out the Ranas who were the less than 1% of Nepal controlling almost every wealth generated in Nepal. But later instead of taking the wealth from the Ranas and Shahs, handful of NC leaders joined the 1% club to control the country’s wealth. Rabindra Mishra on other hand comes from the loyal royalist background whose fondness of Nepali and British monarchy is an open secret. Obliviously he would advocate the economy that would “create environment” for wealthy.

Riddle of Dr Bhattarai and billionaire Chaudhary

But Dr Bhattarai advocating for trickle-down economy is something I can’t understand. He had been advocating for progressive tax and “European” model of economy after peace-agreement. But since a couple of years he has been advocating the for trickle-down economy. Why?

Although a I don’t understand the motive of Dr Bhattarai, I am sure I know the motive of billionaire Mr Binod Chaudhary.

A lot of Nepali people are surprised and have no clue why Billionaire Mr Binod Chaudhary joined NC however, Mr Chaudhary himself has a plan! And its not a mere chair of MP he is after, but to make NC-Bhattarai alliance work to deliver the trickle down economy and absorb the wealth of middle class of Nepal until they are economically screwed. If the regulations are relaxed and the tax is lowered, people like Mr Chaudhary will be investing in real estates and other “wealth reservoir” in cities like Kathmandu and Narayangarh instead of opening a noodle factory somewhere else in the world. And such an investment mean already skyrocketed land/property prices in Kathmandu will be a dream far away for the middle class of Nepal. They can only think of renting one, will never will they be able to buy.

What does trickle-down economy do?

The good example of what trickle-down economy does is the USA and UK. Ronald Reagan’s economic policies in the USA and Margaret Thatcher in the UK adapted this economy and still now this is effectively the economic policy of both countries. Mrs Thatcher “created the environment” for the wealthiest foreigner to come to the UK and invest their money there by lowering the tax to the ultra-rich while the tax for the middle class and poor were the same or increased. The consequence: The trickle-down economy worked!! But to the opposite direction; the wealth trickled up to the wealthy from the poor. In fact the wealthy foreigner invested in the vital sectors such as London’s housing, skyrocketing the price of house or land then eventually forcing out the new generation of local from their house because they can’t afford to buy one. Then came the generation rent. Now almost half of the UK rents their houses. The rich are getting even richer and ultra-rich from Russia, Middle-east, China are flocking to the UK while half of the population can’t afford to live on their wages.  Surprisingly the GDP is still strong! The wealthy new investors create the mask for the economy making GDP higher, but inside it’s at the brink of collapse and the new generation is left screwed. BBC programme Panorama suggests that, to buy a new apartment in central London, a Londoner with average wage will have to work more than 200 years!!

                     What they say?                                        What happens in reality?

If the NC – Dr Bhattarai alliance wins, they will “create environment” for the wealthy foreign or local born investors which means they will reduce the tax for ultra-rich like ex-King Gyanendra and Binod Chaudhary. Dr Bhattarai is even advocating to “give chance” to the people who have reservoirs of black money to make it legal “for once”. This is craziest and even ultra-capitalist view than of Mrs Thatcher or Mr Regan.

If NC –Mr Bhattarai win and deliver what they promise; in Kathmandu the local born ultra-rich or rich Chinese or Indian would invest in the real estate and no Nepali would be able to buy a house there. This will mainly bite the middle-class first. The new generation of Kathmandu middle-class will vanish, if Mishra or NC – Bhattarai alliance deliver what they say. This is one example, every sector will have similar consequences. Since Nepal’s in-born wealthy are very few it will be the foreign investors that will mainly benefit. This will eventually bite our middle class and eventually another struggle will become inevitable.

What are Left alliance saying?

Left alliance has clearly signaled that they will be strict to the ultra-rich, especially to the foreign investors. They say they will adopt “European” style capitalism with altruistic philanthropic government where ultra-rich are heavily taxed then the state generously gives back to everyone including ultra-rich.

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The sign of left alliance’s economic policy is good and much healthier for future than the trickle-down approach of NC- Dr Bhattarai alliance and Mr Mishra.

In one small but very successful trail, Maoist has promoted the local capital through “Ujayalo Nepal Abhiyan”. Started by then energy minister and Maoist leader Janardan Sharma, this focuses on collecting capital from Nepalese working abroad and investing into hydro power, then consuming energy in the country. (Surprisingly, the policy is brain-child if Dr Bhattarai who is now strongly advocating for trickle-down economy.) This approach has worked and if the left alliance deliveres what it promised accumulating and promoting local wealth while carefully welcoming foreign investment, this is really a good approach, especially the middle-class will hugely benefit.

Having said all this, it is hard to believe either NC- Mr Bhattarai alliance or Leftist alliance will ever deliver what they say. The choice is yours!!

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FAQs about PhD

  1. Getting admission to PhD
  • Do you have to be a very smart person to get a PhD place?

There are two situations;

For all of the advertised PhD positions there is very tough competition so you must prove that you are the best. And yes, if you can’t impress the potential supervisor(s) that you are smart and intelligent you won’t get an admission for PhD. Alongside you also must prove that you are more intelligent/best suitable than any other applicant.

If you have own topic of interest and want to pursue PhD on that topic, maybe it’s slightly easier because you don’t have to directly compete with other candidates. However you must prove that you are intelligent/able to do PhD. But still there will be indirect competition as there were many students with similar topic applying for place. Since PhD students need/given their personal desk/spaces there are only certain students one university can take in no matter which route you are applying from.

  • Once I get a place as PhD student, is it like getting admission into bachelors or masters?

No. Although it may vary in different university or different countries, the usual practice is that there is a window period within first year when you will have some sort of internal assessment done by the university. This could be writing a detailed proposal for your PhD, an exam or a certified course on research method which you have to pass. If you couldn’t pass this stage, you will either be considered for Masters, MRes or MPhil only. If you pass it, then only you will be formally enrolled/registered as a PhD / Doctorate candidate.

  1. The journey
  • What is it like doing PhD?

The PhD process is comparatively shorter (or equal) than doing Bachelors but many consider it as a lonely and long. It’s mainly because, on typical conditions, you will be working on minutely specific topic for 3-5 years on your own with some limited assistance from supervisor(s). Another reason for it being long is also that, once enrolled formally to doctorate/PhD you may not have formal deadlines/exams etc. Which means a continuous project on back of your head even when you are with friends having a pint!

However if you can manage time there are many PhD students who would probably like to watch Big Bang Theory in Netflix ! or a Research Students Association in uni organizing a karaoke night out !

  • Will doing PhD change a person? Will the person invent/discover something?

Yes, it is supposed to change a person’s way of thinking. For many the process could be meditative and spiritual. It will take you to different level of mental stage. You will (are supposed to) master the skill of thinking rationally. You will start to see smaller things; smaller mistakes, smaller success, smaller voices, smaller causes, smaller effects… In fact the whole PhD journey is designed to make the student to think rationally.

Any information you get from outside world has some meaning, as a PhD student you will learn how to process this information to make sense of it. Once you make sense of it, you can translate it to the language everyone can understand. And this tiny information will turn into something useful to the humankind or planet or beyond!

So, a completing PhD is not necessarily a big discovery, or a breakthrough. But it certainly makes the person able to produce a valid, reasonable, rational information.

  1. Career
  • What kind of job do I get after completing?

PhD will potentially have more doors open for you than doing lower degrees. At the same time it may close many doors which you would have got into doing Bachelors or Masters because you may be considered “overqualified”. I had one Japanese friend who said that there are very high suicide rate among PhD graduates in Japan because they struggle to get job simply because many company think they are overqualified. So anywhere, simply having PhD is not enough to get a job.

First and the main route most PhD graduates follow is academia; research fellow, lecturer, researcher etc. Secondly, there is also option to go into real practice as a researcher in government or pioneering companies such as NASA, Apple, Tesla, and Unilever etc. Thirdly, you can apply for research grants (with government, bank, NGO/INGO, trusts etc.) for your own project, if you have genuine proposal of your project.

  • What is the earning after the completion?

The usual mainstream PhD graduates who go to academia has decent wages up to level of a lower or middle level manager.

The second route suggested above is probably the highest paid; PhD graduates, who work in breakthrough projects with abundance of resources and with larger team.

The third route I mentioned is a bit of gambling if you are not a good manager; your own research project. Success of third type of career largely depends on your managerial skill and how well you have prepared and done risk assessment of your project beforehand. However, the third route can also lead you to the destination no one has never been before and earn high name and big money.

 

Ranju Darshana, Mhairi Black and the Fearless Girl

Although human being have aimed for the stars and reached moon many of us haven’t been able to change our mind-set; either we are in developed and liberal western countries or less developed and conservative countries like Nepal.

Our mind-set is dominated by Abrahamic male God or alike, who is in Richard Dwakin’s word “a petty, unjust, unforgiving control-freak; a vindictive, bloodthirsty ethnic cleanser; a misogynistic, homophobic, racist, infanticidal, genocidal, filicidal, pestilential, megalomaniacal, sadomasochistic, capriciously malevolent bully.” I often see the parallel between Dwakin’s definition of God and politicians around us. Just like Dwakin’s God, politicians are mainly male, control-freak, racist and often bloodthirsty ethnic cleanser.

But there are signs of some light at the end of this dark tunnel.

Bibeksheel Nepali Party’s nomination of 21-year-old Rajnu Darshana to run for the Mayor of Kathmandu Metropolitan City in the upcoming local government elections slated for May 14 has already changed so many things in Nepali politics. Her candidacy is that sign of light at the end of this dark tunnel of Nepali (and world) politics. Today she stands like Kristen Visbal’s Fearless Girl looking at the well-known Charging Bull. Today, she stands in front of Nepali politics’ Charging Bulls; old male politicians who usually come from dominating Bahun-Chhetri caste group. She is challenging them in so many things.

There have already been so many criticism in social media about her age, gender and experience. And exactly those are so called “values” she stands against. The more trolling and criticism means the more people have been hurt by her candidacy, imagine what will follow if she wins.

She has already hurt a lot of misogynist male egos – she is a woman.

She has already hurt a lot of unforgiving control-freak male politicians – she is ‘hot off the press’.

She has already hurt so many malevolent old bullies – she is so young.

Trolling and attack on young women in politics is not new and happens in the most developed and democratic societies too. In the UK, when Mhairi Black, a Scottish (SNP) politician defeated Labour Shadow Foreign Secretary Douglas Alexander to become youngest Member of UK Parliament for Paisley and Renfrewshire South in 2015, she was just 20 years old university student. Mhairi Black proved that the fearless girl in politics is not just a piece of art, given the chance she can triumph over the charging bull.

Mhairi was also criticised (a lot) that time and still criticized for her age, gender, appearance and everything trolls can think of. Every time the trolls attacked, she has stood up better and smashed the evil. After being called a “carpet munching bull dyke” by a Twitter troll she stood up for LGBT rights and online safety.   After a troll said, “She’s got nothing to worry about. Nobody’s gonna wanna rape that”, she stood up and exposed the internet trolls who targeted her with shocking messages after her appearance at the rape clause protest in George Square. In the long list of abuse to her, are not just trolls but also one of Scotland’s most prominent female academics, Jill Stephenson, who described Mhairi Black as a “slut”.

Whether that is trolling of Mhairi Black and Ranju Darsana or any other young woman in politics, it shows the level of mind-set we have in this world. This exposes the vulnerability of human society on the road to equality and prosperity. This highlights the need of more fearless young girls in politics to challenge our mind-set.

Whatever the outcome of election is, Ranju Darsana has already won the cause. The cause of equality, freedom and change. It is an invitation to the young people of Kathmandu on the road to CHANGE. It is an invitation to the women of Kathmandu on the road to EQUALITY and FREEDOM. It is an invitation to the men of Kathmandu on the road to MUTUAL RESPECT. And most importantly it is a challenge to the charging bull of Nepali politicians that THIS IS NOT A POLITICS-AS-USUAL.

 [Pictures above, The Kathmandu Post, Huffington Post UK and google]

FlyDubai and journey to Nepal.

After seeing the  news about FlyDubai racially discriminating Nepalese passengers, I recall some of my  journey to Nepal here. In my experience, invisible racism and discrimination of Nepali migrant workers begins from immigration officials of Tribhuwan International Airport.

Scene 1:
Abu Dhabi, International Terminal: 3
We have been travelling for last 15 hours and we are really tired. So we are lying about a chair trying squeeze our body and put feet on top of the handbag. In about 2 hours before the scheduled flight people start to gather in a small gate of terminal 3. Mostly migrant workers, all shape and size, age and gender. Some of them seem to know each other and start talking while some don’t know anyone and start showing smiley face to start a conversation: Where are you from in Nepal? Or Where is your hill home? Where did you come from? Which company you work for?

As most of the passengers gathered, it was noisy in the area and we decided to put our heads up and see what was happening. And about an hour before our flight some people seem restless. Every time there was some announcement of arrival/departure/passenger etc some of the waiting passengers would run towards the gate because they didn’t understand what was the announcement for. And every time they ran towards the gate the Etihad officials at connection desk would loudly shout at them to sit down with an angry face. And they would return to their seats quietly.
On the flight back, the way some people were running and the way the Ethiad officials shouted still shocked us. My wife was especially concerned and told me that it’s racist thing. She reminded me there were some French tourists as well among passengers and when they went to inquire after some announcement (just as Nepali workers did) the officials seemed much calmer and friendly and would explain that the announcement was not for boarding.

Scene 2:
Etihad, Flight EY 0292 Economy
On the plane we had seat next to one very young looking migrant Nepali worker who was returning home from UAE. When the air hostess came to our seat offering drinks, the boy was confused. He didn’t understand what she was saying so my wife told him that she is offering drinks if he wants. He promptly said beer, and my wife translated that to the air hostess or probably she understood the word beer anyway. She then poured some whisky on a plastic glass saying there were no beer left. The boy wasn’t bothered and started drinking. But we were shocked again. My wife had translated what he wanted and when there was no beer left why would she offer him whisky and even wouldn’t bother asking him if that was okay with alternative. We now started to talk between us in English that this is something very humiliating experience for us as Nepali. The language barrier of migrant workers and the bad attitude or invisible racism of airlines employees were so prevalent all the way.

Scene3:
Tribhuwan International Airport, Kathmandu
As the flight landed, the passengers cheered and clapped. I can imagine their joy of landing in Kathmandu, probably with some money in the pocket, gifts for family and being able to hold the head high and most importantly speak and be heard and feel the existence of being.
But this happiness didn’t last long for many migrant workers. As Nepal’s immigration rule everyone have to fill up arrival/departure form in TIA and many migrant workers are illiterate or not able to fill up this tiny form. The way Nepali immigration officers and airport police were treating to those unable to fill up form were even shocking. Some immigration officials were heard shouting “You can fly, you can earn money, but can’t fill up a tiny form eh?” Me and my wife helped a group of elderly people who said were returning from visiting their children in USA and UK. After filling up around 9 forms we decided to run quickly to the baggage claim because in TIA, broken, lost and stolen baggage is a norm. So we had to make sure we go to claim area asap and get hold of the baggage.

On the way home in taxi from airport, we kept talking what would stop this discrimination and verbal abuse of migrant workers on travel. Can international airlines to and from Kathmandu be asked formally to make translator available on board and at connection desk? Can workers be given some Basic English lesson before they leave country, which would be useful during their travel? Can the menus in airlines operating from/to Kathmandu be made available in Nepali? Can the airport officials and police in TIA given some education on morality and customer service? Can government make arrival form available on board in plane so that people have time and can help those who can’t fill up forms? This was a practice UK did:- they did make international arrival form available on board through airlines before landing which gives plenty time inside plane for people to help those who can’t fill up from.

Country Roads

I went home to Nepal after 2 years to see that the country had gone backwards in development and social change. But the smile in people’s face and Himalayas were as prevalent and defiant as death. Here is the first part of my experience. Roads.

Roads

The first welcome after escaping the chaos of Tribhuwan Airport was by armed police patrolling dusty roads of Kathmandu, barking stray dogs, street vendors and darkness.

The roads seemed much wider but gave a feel of a battlefield with the dust, bumps, noise, speeding bikes and microbus and pedestrians crossing roads dodging the death. I felt like I was in the middle of the Valley of Ashes in F. Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby and the two eyes of Shwyambhunath temple were  the eyes of Dr T. J. Eckleburg.

At hometown in Chitwan, the roads were even wider but the mountain (I mean literally mountain as high as buildings) of dust meant it was almost impossible to see a meter away. The trucks emitting the clouds of black smoke would make it even worse.

The construction of roads seemed to be going on massive scale in town, on highways and in hills of Gorkha. But later knew that these construction were on pace of a sloth posing millions of peoples health and safety a dreadful threat.

Road Bullies

Apart from the dust and smoke thewe was unbelievable intolerable level of bully from the drivers and helpers of public transport; bus, taxi, rickshaw etc. One day the bus in Tandi to Narayangarh route took us from Tandi to Bharatpur and stopped saying that’s the journey done. When asked with a city warden lady she shouted that was our mistake to take particular bus. Frustrated I reported to the traffic police and he would just node his head and wouldn’t speak.

The other day in Kathmandu the taxi wouldn’t go in normal meter, demanded triple the fare I had paid other day. Again went to police and he replied that the taxi driver can decide if he wants to go or not and in meter or whatever price. In the matter of 3 minutes there were around two dozen thug taxi drivers surrounding me which was scary in fact.

In the long route going to Gorkha from chitwan, the bus was so overcrowded, when it approached near traffic post near Gorkha, asked some of the passengers to drop off and walk. I was so tired that couldn’t be bothered calling traffic cops who wouldn’t help anyway.

Population went bigger, public vehicles got smaller

Another surprising and completely illogical and damning thing about roads in my hometown Ratnanagar was that I noticed the population had almost doubled, house number increased, shopping centres and hotels opened. But the public transport had gone smaller!! There were smaller vehicles where you could hardly crouch. There used to be small auto rickshaws which were thrown out of Kathmandu because they were too pollutant, could carry around 12 people. Now they were still running plus there were many smaller vehicles that hardly carried 4-6 people.

I wondered whoever gave permission/ route permit to run that vehicles in Chitwan must have his head filled with pig’s shite otherwise normal person with common sense wouldn’t permit such crazy idea.

Masked Population

Everyone out of house were wearing mask in Chitwan. This was like everyone was out from operation theatre or as if there was some epidemic going on and everyone was dead scare to breathe. Well, Kathmandu is polluted and I would call it Narakpalika नरकपालिका (hell) instead of Nagarpalika (Municipality) but No one would expect Chitwan to be that polluted, being in the middle of huge rainforest and natural heaven.

But yeah, if you still run the auto rickshaw which were thrown out 20 years ago because they were so polluted, if you permit hundreds of tiny vehicles suitable for chicken, as public transport and dig roads leave the mountain of dust over people’s houses – what can you expect. So there were almost everyone (and me as well), sick with respiration related diseases and common cold, sore throat, sore eyes, runny nose. Despite the masks the smoke and dusts were clear winners.

Billionaire Binod Chaudhary’s greed puts endangered wildlife into risk: his hotel kills rhino

Recently there was a very good news coming from Nepal that it had successfully celebrated zero poaching year in 2014 and 2015. But now, this couldn’t last long. Two bad news came from Chitwan, the home of one horned Asian rhino. First news was, in August 10, one rhino was found dead near a hotel. And second news was, another rhino was found injured with six bullets in its body.

According to the local media, the rhino found dead near hotel died due to the electric shock. The hotel called Meghauli Serai MEGHAULI SERAI.http://www.tajsafaris.com/our_lodges/meghauli_serai/default.php. The hotel is new and construction work is going on, the workers left the electric wire open outside and as the rhino was coming around grazing caught into the current and died.

You can see the rhino killed by Meghauli Serai hotel. (Picture source: Chitwan Post)

MEGHAULI SERAI is run by only billionaire of Nepal Binod Chaudhary in partnership with India’s well known Taj Group. So folks, if you ever think about visiting Chitwan National park, DON’T stay in Meghauli Serai hotel and any other hotel which are inside the national park because these hotels have been killing wildlife in the name of tourism and development. This incident is not lone, this kind of incident keeps happening due to extreme negligence of the tourist hotels. These hotels are opened illegally by bribing local authorities and politicians. The rich and powerful people like Binod Chaudhary get planning permission to build mega structures inside national park which always puts wildlife into risk.

If you are going to Chitwan and wildlife, stay in nice hotels outside national park. Rhinos and other animals usually come around outside of national park and you will surely see them them wherever in Sauraha you stay. Tigers are known shy animals, hard to see anyway, even if you stay inside killer hotels inside national park.

There is no equipment to treat the injured animal

In different incident this male rhino was targeted by the poachers and shot six times. You can see in the picture below the vets treating rhino.

rahinoYou can see in the picture below the vets treating rhino. (Picture source: Chitwan Post)

This male rhino was shot by poachers in Rauthat, and now being brought to Chitwan for treatment.

The doctors treating the rhino say they don’t have equipment to remove bullets from the body of animal and neither have X-ray machine to see the wound. They are just giving animal basic treatment due to lack of equipment.

Heart Warming – for the love of wildlife: According to Chitwan Post the local community and the vets have been treating the rhino “just like their kids” despite the fact that around 12 people are killed every year by the wild animals in national park surrounding villages. The community forest ranger is looking after the injured rhino, he is feeding him apple, banana and cabbage by hand into his mouth. This shows how much passionate the people and local community are on conservation.

apple khadhi rahino

But on the other hand we have Nepal government and greedy billionaire like Chaudhary who destroy forest and kill animals to earn money. If you look down, I had recently published how Nepal government illegally gifted core central part of Chitwan national park to accommodate the Hindu extremist ringleader, ones known for wildlife poaching. So in Nepal, the wildlife conservation is a war fought by local community against the government and government sponsored killers.

Sadly the wildlife and national parks in Nepal remains in constant threat. The tourists around the world can choose wisely where to stay, if only they didn’t stay in the illegal hotels inside national parks, they would help a lot in conservation. There are plenty luxury hotels in Sauraha, stay there-help wildlife 🙂

Chitwan National Park is being gifted to a Hindu Extremist ringleader by Nepal Government

It has emerged that significant core part of the world famous Chitwan National Park has been gifted to sanctuary the Hindu extremist; so called “Swami Kamalnayanacharya”.

The outgoing K P Oli government decided overnight to “remap” Chitwan National Park to allow the extremist ringleader and stirrer who is advocating Islamic State style Hindu Nation Nepal, to make his “ashram” or sanctuary to organise his activities secretly. According to the reports in local and national news, government has removed 37 hector  area out from the national park map to pave way to make the ringleader’s sanctuary legal.

unnamed

In the picture; terrorist ringleader Kamalnayanacharya. (picture: Chitwan Post)

So called “Kamalnayanacharya” – which means the one who has eyes like lotus, had illegally occupied the forest area which is vital core part of Chitwan National Park as it also covers the riverside where wild animals relay for water and cooling off in summer season. The extremist ringleader has already established so called “Gajendramokshya Dhaam” which means Eleplant King Salvation Sanctuary, at the heart of Chitwan National park. The latest government decision to “remap” the national paves way to privatisation of  the UN World heritage site listed Chitwan National park.

The Kantipur daily has reported that the ringleader has in fact occupied 3 times more than that has been assumed before. This has posed serious threat to already vulnerable wildlife there. Asian one horned rhino, Bengal tiger, Asian elephants, ghorial crocodile and many other endangered animals are found in Chitwan National Park and every year thousands of tourists from all around the world visit the national park. This occupation is a real threat to both wildlife and tourism an the livelihood of people living around there.

In the past, such extremist ringleaders and ex-king Gyanendra were well known in Nepal for illegal wildlife poaching and hunting. It would not be surprise if Kamalnayanacharya has a hidden business of illegal wildlife poaching to fund Islamic State style Hindu Nation Nepal agenda.